Orthodontics – An Idea taken from Greek: Ortho – straight, Odon-tooth.
Orthodontics are about changing the position of the teeth and facial growth control. Orthodontic treatment can occur for various reasons e.g. aesthetics – repositioning teeth for aesthetic position. Controlling the size of the jaws. Creating proper closure and improving the functionality of chewing. Dental teeth alignment can be suitable even for adults who want to improve their aesthetic appearance.
Standard teeth straightening – done mostly using brackets made of metal, which are positioned on the front surface of your teeth. Each tooth has its own bracket, which has encoded information of the tooth’s ideal position in the arch. Into that bracket we insert a flexible arch wire which applies a force of the tooth that creates movement over time.
Lingual orthodontics – the brackets are positioned on the back of each tooth. This method is more complex to perform, there is more discomfort for the patient but it is aesthetic. and invisible.
Transparent plastic arches – A method which uses see-through plastic arches that apply pressure of the teeth, creating movements. Invisalign is the most known method, it uses a computer pre-fabricated arches that calculate and expect the future teeth movements.
Another method is called MTM – minor teeth movements, in which the orthodontist fabricates a plastic transparent arch and use manual manipulations on it to create teeth movements in each appointment. This method is recommended for simple cases, since the manipulations are limited.